"Celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the reopening this 2013/2014 Season."
The artistic and political trends in the first quarter of the 19th century were determined by Max IV Joseph, who ruled from 1799 on as Elector, then, following the elevation of Bavaria to the status of kingdom, from 1806 to 1825 as King Max I. In 1802, the old "Haberkasten" on Salvatorplatz was torn down. The "Hof-National-Schaubühne" ("Court-National Theatrical Stage") moved into the Cuvilliés Theater becoming the "Churfürstliches Hoftheater" ("Electoral Court Theater"). One of the last decisive acts of Bavaria's King Max was the laying of the cornerstone for the Royal Court and National Theater on Marstallplatz in 1811. This house, built to plans by Carl von Fischer, burned down on January 14, 1823, but thanks to the willingness of the Munich citizenry to make sacrifices, it was restored under the direction of architect Leo von Klenze and was able to reopen its doors only two years later.
Staatsballet | 2014/2015 Calendar & Tickets
Staatsoper | 2014/2015 Calendar & Tickets
Staatsorchester | 2014/2015 Calendar & Tickets
With the accession of King Ludwig I, who continued his father's tradition from 1825 to 1848, and the revival of the new National Theater, another new epoch in Munich's operatic history began.
The reign of Bavaria's opera-enthusiast story-book King Ludwig II from 1864 to 1886 is closely tied in with the name of Richard Wagner. Shortly after his accession, the 19-year old king, who had been totally enchanted by Wagner's Lohengrin, brought the totally debt-ridden composer to Munich. The controversial friendship between monarch and musician, which ended in a political wrangle, ushered in a new heyday for opera in Munich – indeed for opera itself. Milestones in this development included the world premières of four masterworks by Richard Wagner. On June 10, 1865 the new court conductor Hans von Bülow conducted Tristan und Isolde, and three years later Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg. There followed on September 22, 1869 and June 26, 1870 the world premières of Das Rheingold and Die Walküre under the musical direction of Franz Wüllner. In 1888, Die Feen was given its world premiere. The Royal Court and National Theater was in the limelight of the European musical world.
During an Allied bombardment in the night of 3rd - 4th October, the National Theater was turned into an eerie ruin. Further damage and destruction as well as the proclamation of "total war" silenced the State Opera for a while.
The National Theater was re-opened on 21 November, 1963 with Richard Strauss‘ Die Frau ohne Schatten. In celebration, the 2013/14 season will open with the same selection.